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# Lasso Regression

Unsolved###### Optimization

###### Supervised

Regularization is a form of regression that discourages learning a more complex or flexible model, so as to avoid the risk of overfitting.

Lasso regression is implemented by adding an additional term in the loss function. Here, we use the linear least-squares function. The regularization is given by the L1-norm:

**L(W,α)= \(||X.W-y||^{2}+\alpha||W||\) **

We will apply batch gradient descent with the following derivative of W at each step.

W_{S} = NumPy array corresponding to W. The ith element is: 1 if W[i] >= 0, otherwise -1

n is the number of training examples

**W= \((-2*X^{T}.(Y-X.W)+\alpha*W_S)/n\)**

We expect you to implement the whole algorithm manually and return the ‘W’ corresponding to the best-suited α and the loss for the corresponding parameters.

**Input:**

X: an array of training examples.

y: an array of output corresponding to each training example

alpha: different values of α for which you have to get minimum loss

iter: number of iterations

lr: learning rate

**Output:**

For each α calculate the 'W' and hence the loss according to the function above on the whole training data and return the α, loss score, and 'W' for the α with the minimum loss on the training data.

The output should be in the following order:

α, loss score, NumPy array of 'W'.

**Hint:**

The prediction is mentioned as X.W and the shape of X is (n,m) and shape of Y is (n,1). So, this automatically means W should be (m,1) which is a 2-D matrix.

##### Sample Input:

`X: [[0.55345954, 0.26978505, 0.99572193, 0.17879061, 0.13353172], [0.12972127, 0.89863166, 0.97875147, 0.61299997, 0.88425275], [0.08780339, 0.90976317, 0.68283976, 0.02670151, 0.30560837], [0.82365932, 0.87099191, 0.52195797, 0.52162298, 0.40034739], [0.70355801, 0.89146552, 0.38555787, 0.07339327, 0.16111809], [0.27560237, 0.92967928, 0.6460444, 0.46355679, 0.69999201], [0.86036116, 0.66422329, 0.69960402, 0.7787864, 0.67299241], [0.86554358, 0.43671475, 0.0406369, 0.09743328, 0.13477061], [0.22106352, 0.57616507, 0.43354926, 0.63722607, 0.89919981], [0.30758308, 0.40788758, 0.0811379, 0.35161535, 0.37144102]]`

<class 'list'>

`Y: [[0.12954958], [0.88900561], [0.15619786], [0.19463617], [0.25362551], [0.81332185], [0.59385747], [0.63010439], [0.4483], [0.16408941]]`

<class 'list'>

`betas: [1, 0.1, 10, 20]`

<class 'int'>

`iter: 1000`

<class 'float'>

`lr: 0.001`

##### Expected Output:

```
(0.1, 0.5849272455767055, array([[0.0933715 ],
[0.22456382],
[0.12905883],
[0.12445942],
[0.21719877]]))
```

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Input Test Case

Please enter only one test case at a timenumpy has been already imported as np (import numpy as np)

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